This text examines the origins of community law from the establishment
of the European Coal and Steel Community up to the early Sixties: a crucial
decade for the emergence of a new kind of law, which was neither national, nor
federal, nor codified. It stemmed from extra-legislative needs such as doctrine
and jurisprudence, especially the Court of Justice in which the advocates general
Maurice Lagrange (a Frenchman) and Karl Roemer (a German) played such a central
role, but its construction was neither organic nor code-based; rather, it developed
on basis of isolated "pillars", a shared fabric of great principles accompanied
by a corpus of Treaties. EU law is thus "bizarre", a product of illustrious
legal practitioners who were inspired by the ideal of a united Europe.
Contents: Preface - Introduction: An Unexplored Field - 2. Difficult
Beginnings, among Enthusiasm and Stagnation - 3. The Birth of the European Communities
and the Ensuing Reactions: From Hope to Caution - 4. The Birth of "European"
Law: Style and Method of the First Court of Justice Advocats General, Karl Roemer
and Maurice Lagrange - 5. Roemer, Lagrange, and the Construction of European
Law: "Common Principles" rather than Codes - 6. The European Communities' Court
of Justice: Promotion and Celebration of European Law - 7. Maurice Lagrange's
Way Forward - 8. European Administration: Hierarchical Principles and Spirit
of Solidarity - 9. Operational Jurists at Europe's Service: The Communities'
"Service Juridique Commun" - Conclusion.
Antonio Grilli, a scholar of the history of law and institutions, used to teach and conduct research at the University of Trier (Germany). He is currently a European Union official.
1. Inizi tormentati, tra entusiasmi e stasi
2. La nascita delle Comunità europee e le reazioni
3. La nascita di un «diritto europeo»
4. Roemer, Lagrange e la costruzione del diritto europeo
5. La Corte di giustizia delle Comunità europee
6. Il percorso europeo di Maurice Lagrange
7. L'amministrazione europea, tra principio gerarchico e spirito di solidarietà
8. Giuristi operativi al servizio dell'Europa: il Service juridique commun delle Comunità